Even after 70 years of Independence, the Indian Healthcare system has to deal with a plethora of challenges. Though massive advancements in the field of medical technology have been made, public health expenditure in India increased marginally to 1.4% in 2016-17, significantly lower than the world average of 6%.
A robust mechanism for primary education is imperative for a country which aims towards putting in place a strong development agenda. Poor infrastructure, over occupied classrooms, high proportion of students-teacher ratio which ideally should be 30:1, lack of teaching & learning resources, untrained teachers and inappropriate pedagogy are the bottlenecks in Indian education system.
Livelihood opportunities are subjected to the available vocational/skill training infrastructure. Many entrepreneurship interventions are undertaken at best, in a disorganised manner by individuals at the community level.
India is among the bottom five countries on the 'Environmental Performance Index 2018', plummeting 36 points from 141 in 2016, according to a biennial report by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the World Economic Forum. While India is at the bottom of the list in the environmental health category, it ranks 178 out of 180 as far as air quality is concerned.
Farmer crisis has a long history that occurred due to a series of issues, thereby leading to a structure that denied basic rights to them. Since early there is a widespread perception that the "agrarian crisis" is more or less an outcome of natural calamities like drought which no one can fight.